A change of position that does not entail a change of location.
To be turned upside down.
Inversions are roller coaster elements that turn riders upside down, commonly referred to as “loops”, “hoops” or “loop de loops”.
Tap the red coloured inversion name to watch a short video showing the inversion in action.
Named for its resemblance to a corkscrew tool used to remove corks from bottles, it’s an inversion that rotates 360° perpendicular to the track and is an incredibly common element found on lots of coasters. Different coaster manufacturers shape and name their corkscrews differently, but they’re all very similar and usually found in pairs.
An inversion found on the B&M Wing Coasters that flips riders upside down as they leave the lift hill. The train crawls off the top of the lift, and slowly flips round, before diving off back underneath the lift hill. It creates an incredible sense of hangtime at the top, and some awesome forces at the bottom. Plus they’re a visually stunning element for onlookers!
Some older Togo coasters feature “Twisting Dives” which are very similar except are usually placed midway through the layout, not just after the lift hill.
Flying Snake Dive
A barrel roll followed by a right hand twisting dive to spin the train off to the left. Only found on Storm Runner, by Intamin, at Hersheypark in Pennsylvania, USA.
Mostly used by Vekoma, a Sidewinder is very similar to an Immelmann, only the track continues to turn making the exit roughly 90 degrees to the entrance to the element.
A Vertical Loop tilted at a 45° angle. Featured almost entirely on B&M Stand-Up Coasters.
Built by Intamin this inversion climbs rapidly, and then as it reaches the crest of the hill the train is inverted. The train then completes three quarters of the loop to bring it back to the inverted position where it rolls out again.
An inversion found on Flying coasters. It involves diving from the flying position head first towards the ground, then pulling out on your back, then back up and into the flying position. It is one of the more intense elements found on roller coasters.
This is the main inversion on the Suspended Looping Coasters by Vekoma. The train enters through a half loop, into an Inline Twist and back down through a half loop.
This inversion begins the same as a normal hill; however at the moment where the zero-g starts the train begins to flip. The revolution lasts the same amount of time as the zero-g creating the sensation of floating and rolling at the same time.