A change of position that does not entail a change of location.


To be turned upside down.

Inversions are roller coaster elements that turn riders upside down, commonly referred to as “loops”, “hoops” or “loop de loops”.

Tap the red coloured inversion name to watch a short video showing the inversion in action.


batwingAn inversion used on the B&M Inverted Coasters. It’s comprised of a mini-Dive Loop running straight into a mini-Immelmann Loop. Arrow have a similar element called a Boomerang and Vekoma call theirs a Double Sidewinder.


bowtieA simple Arrow inversion shaped like a Bowtie. Similar to the Boomerang element, except it exits in the same direction as it enters.


butterflyA very odd inversion featured on Vekoma Multi-Loopers. It’s a bit weird, but essentially involves an Immelmann followed by a Dive Loop where the train leaves in the same direction as it enters.

Cobra Roll

cobra rollA signature inversion found on B&M coasters. It’s very similar to an Immelmann Loop followed by a Dive Loop, however the dive out of the half loop is not as big. This shape gives the element its name. A similar element can be found on Boomerang Coasters by Vekoma.


corkscrewNamed for its resemblance to a corkscrew tool used to remove corks from bottles, it’s an inversion that rotates 360° perpendicular to the track and is an incredibly common element found on lots of coasters. Different coaster manufacturers shape and name their corkscrews differently, but they’re all very similar and usually found in pairs.

Dive Drop

dive dropAn inversion found on the B&M Wing Coasters that flips riders upside down as they leave the lift hill. The train crawls off the top of the lift, and slowly flips round, before diving off back underneath the lift hill. It creates an incredible sense of hangtime at the top, and some awesome forces at the bottom. Plus they’re a visually stunning element for onlookers!

Some older Togo coasters feature “Twisting Dives” which are very similar except are usually placed midway through the layout, not just after the lift hill.

Dive Loop

dive loopA very similar inversion to the Immelmann Loop, but executed in reverse. The track climbs up and banks heavily then drops away similar to the second half of a vertical loop.


fly 2 lieThis inversion is for Flying or 4D coasters. As the name suggests it flips the trains from the flying position to the lying position.

Flying Snake Dive

flying snake diveA barrel roll followed by a right hand twisting dive to spin the train off to the left. Only found on Storm Runner, by Intamin, at Hersheypark in Pennsylvania, USA.


immelmannThis inversion in the same as a vertical loop until the train is inverted, when the track dives off to the left or right.

Mostly used by Vekoma, a Sidewinder is very similar to an Immelmann, only the track continues to turn making the exit roughly 90 degrees to the entrance to the element.

Inclined Loop

inclined loopA Vertical Loop tilted at a 45° angle. Featured almost entirely on B&M Stand-Up Coasters.

Inline Twist

inline twistThis inversion has little or no change in height and rotates the rider around a central point, often their hearts. This causes the feeling of rotation and being tipped out of your seat.

Inverted Top Hat

inverted top hatEntered vertically, twisting over at the top and exited vertically. Designed by Premier and used on their shuttle coasters.


lie 2 flyThis inversion is also for Flying or 4D coasters. As the name suggests it flips the trains from the lying position to the flying position.

Norwegian Loop

norwegian loopBuilt by Intamin this inversion climbs rapidly, and then as it reaches the crest of the hill the train is inverted. The train then completes three quarters of the loop to bring it back to the inverted position where it rolls out again.

Pretzel Loop

pretzel loopAn inversion found on Flying coasters. It involves diving from the flying position head first towards the ground, then pulling out on your back, then back up and into the flying position. It is one of the more intense elements found on roller coasters.

Raven Turn

raven turnAn inversion found on 4D coasters. This inversion is basically a half loop and can be entered from the top or bottom with the train on top of the track or suspended below the track.

Roll Over

roll overThis is the main inversion on the Suspended Looping Coasters by Vekoma. The train enters through a half loop, into an Inline Twist and back down through a half loop.

Sea Serpent

sea serpentThis inversion is very similar to the Cobra Roll, but the second inversion is flipped around, causing the direction of entrance to be the same as direction of exit. Vekoma use this inversion on their LSM Launch Coasters.

Vertical Loop

vertical loopThe first vertical loops appeared during the first half on the 1900s. It is one of the most common inversions in the world. Most vertical loops are elliptical in shape. Circular loops can be seen on Schwarzkopf coasters and are often more intense than elliptical loops.

Zero-G Roll

Zero-G RollThis inversion begins the same as a normal hill; however at the moment where the zero-g starts the train begins to flip. The revolution lasts the same amount of time as the zero-g creating the sensation of floating and rolling at the same time.