A change of position that does not entail a change of location.
To be turned upside down.
Inversions are roller coaster elements that turn riders upside down, commonly referred to as “loops”, “hoops” or “loop de loops”.
A very odd inversion featured on Vekoma Multi-Loopers. It’s a bit weird, but essentially involves an Immelmann followed by a Dive Loop where the train leaves in the same direction as it enters.
A signature inversion found on B&M coasters. It’s very similar to an Immelmann Loop followed by a Dive Loop, however the dive out of the half loop is not as big. This shape gives the element its name. A similar element can be found on Boomerang Coasters by Vekoma.
Named for its resemblance to a corkscrew tool used to remove corks from bottles, it’s an inversion that rotates 360° perpendicular to the track and is an incredibly common element found on lots of coasters. Different coaster manufacturers shape and name their corkscrews differently, but they’re all very similar and usually found in pairs.
An inversion found on the B&M Wing Coasters that flips riders upside down as they leave the lift hill. The train crawls off the top of the lift, and slowly flips round, before diving off back underneath the lift hill. It creates an incredible sense of hangtime at the top, and some awesome forces at the bottom. Plus they’re a visually stunning element for onlookers!
Some older Togo coasters feature “Twisting Dives” which are very similar except are usually placed midway through the layout, not just after the lift hill.
Flying Snake Dive
A barrel roll followed by a right hand twisting dive to spin the train off to the left. Only found on Storm Runner, by Intamin, at Hersheypark in Pennsylvania, USA.
Mostly used by Vekoma, a Sidewinder is very similar to an Immelmann, only the track continues to turn making the exit roughly 90 degrees to the entrance to the element.
A Vertical Loop tilted at a 45° angle. Featured almost entirely on B&M Stand-Up Coasters.
This is the main inversion on the Suspended Looping Coasters by Vekoma. The train enters through a half loop, into an Inline Twist and back down through a half loop.
This inversion is very similar to the Cobra Roll, but the second inversion is flipped around, causing the direction of entrance to be the same as direction of exit. Vekoma use this inversion on their LSM Launch Coasters.
The first vertical loops appeared during the first half on the 1900s. It is one of the most common inversions in the world. Most vertical loops are elliptical in shape. Circular loops can be seen on Schwarzkopf coasters and are often more intense than elliptical loops.